Guest article by Shwetha Bhatia
Hypothyroidism is a common disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
- Iodine deficiency
- Autoimmune condition called Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
- Less common causes include: previous treatment with radioactive iodine, injury to the hypothalamus or the anterior pituitary gland, certain medications, a lack of a functioning thyroid at birth, or previous thyroid surgery.
Symptoms: Weight gain, lethargy, poor appetite, constipation, decrease tolerance to cold temperatures.
Treatment with thyroid hormone. Ensure it is taken 30-60 minutes before or 4 hours after a meal as food interferes with absorption. In those with TSH levels between 5-10 mlU/L, no treatment may be needed if antibodies are not detected. Low carbohydrate diet. Adequate selenium and zinc are needed for the conversion of T4 to active T3 in the body. Exercise plays a pivotal role in weight management. It may be harder to lose weight even if the blood levels normalise with treatment; therefore consistency is key. Stress management. Treat underlying cause in case of non thyroidal illness.
Shwetha Bhatia is a registered dietician with the Indian Dietetic Association. She runs her practice under the brand name “Metamorphosis’ in Mumbai. She is also a competitive fitness athlete (IBBF Bronze winner at the State & National Level 2015). She has also set up her own gym and nutrition counselling centre in Goa called Gym & Tonic. She’s also a columnist for the fitness magazine Krunch Today.