Claw Toes

Claw Toes DEFINITION A claw toe is a toe that is contracted at the PIP and DIP joints (middle and end joints in the toe), and can lead to severe pressure and pain. Ligaments and tendons that have tightened cause the toe’s joints to curl downwards. Claw toes may occur in any toe, except the…

Overlapping Toes

Overlapping Toes DEFINITION: Many disorders can affect the joints in the toes, causing pain and preventing the foot from functioning as it should. People of all ages can experience forefoot problems. Overlapping toes can occur in any of the toes and can cause extreme irritation if not corrected. CAUSE: Many disorders can affect the joints…

Bunions

Bunions DEFINITION Bunions, referred to in the medical community as Hallux Valgus, are one of the most common forefoot problems. A bunion is a prominent bump on the inside of the foot around the big toe joint. This bump is actually a bone protruding towards the inside of the foot. With the continued movement of…

Arch Sprain Strain

Arch Sprain Strain DEFINITION: The term arch pain (often referred to as arch strain) refers to an inflammation and/or burning sensation at the arch of the foot. CAUSE: There are many different factors that can cause arch pain. A structural imbalance or an injury to the foot can often be the direct cause. However, most…

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis DEFINITION Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation caused by excessive stretching of the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is a broad band of fibrous tissue, which runs along the bottom surface of the foot, attaching at the bottom of the heel bone and extending to the forefoot. When the plantar fascia is excessively stretched,…

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendonitis Definition Achilles tendonitis causes inflammation and degeneration of the achilles tendon. The achilles tendon is the large tendon located in the back of the leg that inserts into the heel. The pain caused by achilles tendonitis can develop gradually without a history of trauma. The pain can be a shooting pain, burning pain,…

Metatarsalgia (Ball of foot pain)

Metatarsalgia (Ball of Foot Pain) DEFINITION: Metatarsalgia is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region of the foot (the area just before the toes, more commonly referred to as the ball-of-the-foot). This is a common foot disorder that can affect the bones and joints at the ball-of-the-foot. Metatarsalgia…

Heel Pain

Heel Pain DEFINITION Heel pain is a common condition in which weight bearing on the heel causes extreme discomfort. CAUSE There are two different categories of heel pain. The first is caused by over-use repetitive stress, which refers to a soreness resulting from too much impact on a specific area of the foot. This condition,…