Summer vacations means more time being spent eating and watching TV!
#Children who spend more than 3 hours a day glued to a screen are more likely to be fatter and have early risk factors for type 2 diabetes, especially insulin resistance, than those who spend an hour a day or less.
Levels of leptin, a hormone that controls appetite, are higher in children who engage in the most vs the least screen time.
The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that children should limit daily screen time to <2 hours.
A lack of adequate sleep is associated with increased #TV viewing. Also, kids tend to overeat while watching TV completely oblivious to satiety signals. These lead to childhood #obesity. Overweight children tend to have fatty liver just like adults which is the cause of early onset type 2 diabetes in this population.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that children and teens be screened for type 2 #diabetes if they are aged ≥ 10 years, have a body mass index ≥ 85th percentile for age and sex (overweight), and have at least two additional risk factors (eg., family history, mother being diabetic during pregnancy etc).
Children are more likely to become overweight or obese during summer vacation due to excessive TV watching, getting less sleep and snacking.
Promotion of muscular fitness among children provides protection against developing metabolic syndrome (obesity, high BP, insulin resistance) in adulthood.
Collectively adopting these healthful lifestyle behaviours, as a family, can go a long way, as parents are role models for their children.
This can include encouraging kids to get at least an hour of exercise a day, limiting screen time and keeping televisions and tablets out of kids’ bedrooms.
With vacations coming up, parents need to encourage more outdoor activities.