Homocysteine is a common amino acid in your blood. It is a biomarker of #cardiovascular disease, and it is thought that higher circulating levels of homocysteine are indicative of a higher risk for cardiovascular incidents. A normal level of homocysteine in the blood should be less than 15 micromoles per liter of blood. Higher levels of homocysteine are split into three main categories:

Moderate: 15-30 mcmol/L

Intermediate: 30-100 mcmol/L

Severe: greater than 100 mcmol/L

If you have high levels of homocysteine in your blood, it may be a sign of a vitamin deficiency, heart disease, or a rare inherited disorder.

Hyperhomocysteinemia

High homocysteine levels (#hyperhomocysteinemia) can contribute to arterial damage and blood #clots in your vessels. It can also increase the risk of birth defects, dementia (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease), and fractures.

Common causes of hyperhomocysteinemia include kidney disease, lack of B #vitamins (such as folate, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6) in the diet, hypothyroidism, alcoholism, and certain medications.

Treatment

Treatment may consist of giving supplements of folic acid, vitamin B-12, and/or vitamin B-6. It also may include anticoagulant medications (blood thinners) to prevent blood clots. Speak to your healthcare expert about the dosages.

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Guest Article, Dietician Shwetha Bhatia