Flat feet occur when the normal foot arches have partially or completely collapsed

Also called pes planus or fallen arches, it is a postural deformity in which the arches of the foot collapse, particularly the inner arch with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground

Children with flat feet, have a flattening of the arch during standing and walking. Flat foot is normal in infants and young children (up to 44% of three- to six-year-olds). At this age, in the absence of any associated symptoms, treatment is highly debatable.

Flat foot usually naturally corrects itself as muscles strengthen and soft tissues stiffen. The height of the arch in the foot increases with age until about nine years.

The problem is when flat foot persists, spontaneously occurs in older children or later in life, or is associated with pain and disability.

  • Feet tire easily
  • Painful or achy feet, especially in the areas of the arches and heels
  • The inside bottom of your feet may become swollen
  • Foot movement, such as standing on your toes, is difficult
  • Back and leg pain
  • Formation of Corns or Callus under the foot
  • A condition inherited since birth
  • Damage or inflammation of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT), which connects from your lower leg, along your ankle, to the middle of the arch
  • Broken or dislocated bones
  • Some health conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis
  • Nerve problems
  • Obesity
  • Aging
  • Pregnancy
  • High impact activity like sports, dancing – kathak
  • Flat feet are treated with Orthotics which should be designed with appropriate arch support and medial rear foot posting to prevent the over-pronation.
  • Footwear should also be examined to ensure there is a proper fit, with a firm heel counter for extra support and stability.
  • Rest and ice to relieve pain and reduce swelling
  • Physiotherapy – Selective stretching & strengthening exercises
  • Customised Orthotics
  • Shoes
  • Theraband for exercising foot
  • Ankle Brace/Support